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Results for cube crushing on effect of palm kernel shell ash on the property of concrete

Palm kernel shell ash was utilized in a 1:2:4 mix ratio as a partial substitute for ordinary Portland cement (OPC) at percentage levels of 0%, 10%, and 15%. River sand with particles passing a 4

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  • Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete

    Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete

    Jan 01, 1990 An artificial aggregate, the plam kernel shell obtained from palm nut, can be classified as organic lightweight aggregate. Tests on the concrete made with this material as coarse aggregate, show a density range of 1450 kg m −3 to 1750 kg m −3, which classifies it as lightweight concrete.Compressive strength results of the concrete show that there is increase in strength with

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  • Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as

    Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as

    Mar 14, 2019 Yusuf IT, Babatunde YO, Abdullah A (2018) Investigation on flexural strength of palm kernel shell concrete for structural application. Malays J Civ Eng 30(2):268–281. Google Scholar 20. Elnaz K et al (2017) Comparing the effects of oil palm kernel shell and cockle shell on properties of pervious concrete pavement

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  • Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight

    Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight

    Jan 01, 2013 This paper reviews previous research carried out on the use of oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) as lightweight aggregate (LWA). OPKS is a waste material obtained during the extraction of palm oil by crushing of the palm nut in the palm oil mills. It is one of the most abundantly produced waste materials in South East Asia and Africa; OPKS has been experimented in research as lightweight aggregates (LWAs) to produce lightweight concrete

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  • A Study on the Utilization of Coconut Shell as Coarse

    A Study on the Utilization of Coconut Shell as Coarse

    coconut and palm kernel shells as substitutes for conventional coarse aggregate in gradation of 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%. It was observed that the compressive strength of the concrete decreased as the percentage of the shells increased in the mixes. However, concrete obtained from coconut shell

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  • Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel

    Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel

    compounds. Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) is a by-product in palm oil mills. This ash has pozzolanic properties that enables it as a partial replacement for cement but also plays an important role in the strength and durability of concrete. The use of palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as a partial replacement for cement in concrete is investigated

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  • Effect of Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) on Strength Properties

    Effect of Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) on Strength Properties

    A.2 Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) Palm Oil Fuel Ash is the product of burning palm oil husk and palm kernel shell in the palm oil mill. POFA obtained from Oil Palm India Limited, Kottayam in Kerala was used in the investigation. The specific gravity of Palm oil fuel ash was 1.65.The chemical

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  • A new method of producing high strength oil palm shell

    A new method of producing high strength oil palm shell

    Dec 01, 2011 Okafor [7] reported that the maximum compressive strength of concrete produced using palm kernel shell aggregate is approximately 25–30 MPa. Basri et al. [8] used freshly discarded OPS in their study. They found that the compressive strength of OPS concrete is about 50% less than ordinary concrete

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  • Lightweight concrete made from crushed oil palm shell

    Lightweight concrete made from crushed oil palm shell

    Feb 01, 2012 Compressive strength under different curing conditions and the splitting tensile and flexural strengths were compared with those of the normal weight granite concrete. The test results showed that OPS concrete with a compressive strength in the range of 34–53 MPa has a splitting tensile strength range of 2.8–3.5 MPa and flexural strength range of 4.4–7.0 MPa. The sensitivity of compressive strength of OPS concrete in this study is significantly lower than uncrushed OPS concrete

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  • (PDF) Assessment of palm kernel shell as a composite

    (PDF) Assessment of palm kernel shell as a composite

    The 28 day compressive strength of the palm kernel shell concrete ranged from 12.71 to 16.63 N mm-2 , whereas the density ranged from 1562 to 2042 kg m-3. ... cube crush testing. ... of the volume

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  • Effects of Oil Palm Shell Coarse Aggregate Species on High

    Effects of Oil Palm Shell Coarse Aggregate Species on High

    May 29, 2014 3.1. Properties of Fresh Concrete (Workability) Slump test was carried out to determine the consistency of fresh concrete. The effect of original and crushed OPS species and age category on the slump values of fresh concrete specimens is summarized in Figure 7.The specimens were tested immediately after mixing as well as at 10, 20, and 30 min to determine the slump loss of the mixtures

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  • (DOC) properties and the use of palm kernel shells as

    (DOC) properties and the use of palm kernel shells as

    (Richardson D. N. 2003) 2.19.0 Palm kernel shells 2.19.1 Description of Palm Kernel Shells Palm kernel shell is the hard endocarp of palm kernel fruit that surrounds the palm seed. It is obtained as crushed pieces after threshing or crushing to remove the seed which is used in the production of palm kernel oil (Olutoge, 1995)

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  • The Effect of Different Parameters on the Development of

    The Effect of Different Parameters on the Development of

    This paper presents the experimental results of an on-going research project on geopolymer lightweight concrete using two locally available waste materials—low calcium fly ash (FA) and oil palm shell (OPS)—as the binder and lightweight coarse aggregate, respectively. OPS was pretreated with three different alkaline solutions of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), potassium hydroxide, and sodium

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  • Effects of heat treatment on oil palm shell coarse

    Effects of heat treatment on oil palm shell coarse

    Feb 01, 2014 According to Okpala , the failure of the palm kernel shell concrete at 28 days is dependent upon the breakdown of the bond between the aggregates and paste. However, at 90-days age, especially with lower water to cement ratios, failure is governed by the combination of the failure of shell aggregates and failure of aggregate paste interface

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  • Structural behaviour ofreinforced palm kernel shell

    Structural behaviour ofreinforced palm kernel shell

    found. The results ofPKS are shown inTable 3. Table I. Details of beams tested in flexure and shear. Table 3. Physical property of palm kernel shells. Beam Type of No of Properties Values designation Material test beams aid* FB-PI PKSFC Flexure I 3.11 Size (mm) 2-15 FB-NI NWC Flexure I 3.11 Thickness (mm) 1.0-3.0 SH-PI &P2 PKSFC Shear 2

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  • Effectof Pit Sandon Compressive Strength of Coconut Shell

    Effectof Pit Sandon Compressive Strength of Coconut Shell

    The average fresh concrete density and 28-day cube compressive strength of the concrete using coconut shell aggregate were 1975 kg/m 3 and 19.1 N/mm 2 respectively

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  • Effect of aggregate type on Compressive strength of concrete

    Effect of aggregate type on Compressive strength of concrete

    This paper presents the results of an investigation carried out on the comparative cost analysis and strength characteristics of concrete produced using crushed, granular coconut and palm kernel

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  • Effect of Guinea Corn Husk Ash as Partial Replacement

    Effect of Guinea Corn Husk Ash as Partial Replacement

    In the case of Palm Kernel Shell Ash (PKSA) Concrete, it was reported that the compressive strength did not exceed that of plain concrete. The results showed that 10% of the PKSA in replacement

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  • Effects of oil palm shell coarse aggregate species on high

    Effects of oil palm shell coarse aggregate species on high

    Jan 01, 2014 Free Online Library: Effects of oil palm shell coarse aggregate species on high strength lightweight concrete.(Research Article, Report) by The Scientific World Journal ; Biological sciences Environmental issues High strength concrete Chemical properties Oil palm Water absorption Identification and classification

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  • PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF RIVER

    PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF RIVER

    shell, palm kernel shell, sand stones and river stones. The great infrastructure development in many ... Another property of aggregate is water of absorption. According to American Society for Testing and Materials [5], the water absorbed by aggregates is not ... a 0.15m x 0.15m steel cube container, three plastic buckets, three plastic baskets

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